If you’re 65 or older, you are eligible for Medicare, but you can choose employer coverage instead of Medicare if you or your spouse is actively employed and your employer offers creditable health insurance.
When you have both Medicare and employer health benefits, your employer coverage often becomes the primary payer, covering your healthcare costs first, while Medicare pays second (becomes a secondary payer).
Medicare Part A (hospital insurance) is premium-free if you or your spouse worked and paid Medicare taxes for at least 10 years (40 quarters) so it makes sense to sign up for Medicare Part A even if you still have employer coverage.
We strongly discourage enrolling in Medicare Part B while you have creditable employer coverage. Enrolling in Part B starts your 180-day Medicare Supplement Initial Enrollment Period. In most states, this is the only time you can apply for a Medicare supplement without required medical underwriting and the possibility of being denied coverage.
Part B (medical insurance) has a monthly premium, but here, you can choose to delay Medicare enrollment without late enrollment penalties if you have creditable coverage through other insurance, like an employer group health plan.
Delaying Part B without creditable coverage can result in a significant late enrollment penalty. When you retire or when your employer coverage ends, you have an 8-month Special Enrollment Period to sign up for Medicare Part B without penalties.
You cannot have both a Medicare supplement and an employer group health plan at the same time.
In most cases, Medicare plus a supplement offers better coverage at a lower cost than employer coverage. Our employer vs Medicare calculator can help you determine that for yourself.
Should I Sign-Up for Medicare Benefits if I Turn 65 and Still Working?
If your employer has 20 or more employees, your employer coverage is often creditable and primary. You may choose to delay enrolling in Medicare Part B without penalties.
Medicare Part A is typically premium-free for most people eligible for Medicare, so enrolling in Part A during your Initial Enrollment Period is a no-brainer. Medicare Part A benefits can provide additional coverage for hospital care without any cost to you. Even if you have employer coverage, it may make sense to sign up for Medicare Part A, to use your insurance from employer benefits and Medicare together.
Can I be on Medicare and Employer Health Insurance?
Is it possible to have Medicare and employer coverage at the same time? It is possible, but not advisable.
If you are still employed and have creditable group health insurance through your employer, you may delay enrolling in Medicare Part A and/or Part B without facing late enrollment penalties.
If you are age 65 and older, your employer needs 20 or more employees for the group health insurance to be creditable. If you are under age 65, the your employer needs at least 100 employees for the health plan to be creditable.
As you turn age 65, you have an Initial Enrollment Period during which you can sign up for Medicare Parts A and B. This period starts 3 months before your 65th birthday month, includes your birthday month, and continues for 3 months afterward. Use our Medicare Enrollment Period Calculator to identify your initial enrollment period. If you are actively working and covered by your employer’s group health insurance plan at this time (or your spouse’s employer’s plan), you may choose to delay enrolling in Part B without incurring late penalties if the employer plan is creditable coverage.
You can also sign up for Medicare Part B without penalties during a Special Enrollment Period, which lasts for 8 months after your employment ends.
Should My Spouse Enroll in Medicare?
Enrolling your spouse in Medicare frequently proves to be a more cost-effective choice compared to keeping them on your employer health insurance plan.
You may find that Medicare coverage is better health insurance at a lower price than employer insurance options. Plus, employer health insurance benefits change every year. Original Medicare coverage and supplement benefits never change. It’s much easier to predict and budget your medical costs during retirement when you have Original Medicare and a supplement.
Should I Enroll in Medicare Part A ?
Whether or not you should enroll in Medicare Part A (hospital insurance) when you are still employed and have employer coverage depends on your specific circumstances.
If you are eligible for premium-free Medicare Part A, it may be a good idea to enroll even if you are still employed and have other health insurance coverage like a group health plan.
Most people become eligible for premium-free Part A at age 65 if they or their spouse have paid Medicare taxes for a certain amount of time (usually 10 years or 40 quarters). In this case, there is generally no downside to enrolling in Part A, no matter what your employer coverage pays.
If you ever need hospital care, having Medicare Part A can reduce your expenses. For example, enrolling in Medicare Part A for a lower deductible than your employer group health plan would be a practical choice.
Keep in mind that if you are contributing to a Health Savings Account (HSA) and want to continue doing so, enrolling in any part of Medicare Part A will affect your ability to make HSA contributions.
Should I Enroll in Medicare Part B if I Have Employer Insurance?
If you have creditable coverage (are actively employed and insured through a company with 20 or more employees), then you can delay enrolling in Part B (medical insurance) without facing the expensive late penalties.
Medicare does not consider all health insurance coverage creditable and there are some rules and exceptions. Our Creditable Coverage cheat sheet can help you identify if your coverage is creditable.
The most important factor when deciding to enroll in Medicare Part B when you have employer coverage is the fact that doing so starts your 180-day Medicare supplement Initial Enrollment Period. This is the period of time when you can get a Medicare supplement without concern for pre-existing conditions or your health history. After this enrollment period, an insurance company can deny your Medicare supplement application. We strongly advise people to not enroll in Part B if they will continue with employer coverage so they can preserve their Medicare supplement Initial Enrollment Period.
Your employer health insurance plan is required to send you a Notice of Creditable Coverage once per year. You should keep these notices in case they are required later. When you finally enroll in Medicare Part B, your employer will need to sign a form attesting that you had creditable coverage since your turned age 65. if you have difficulty getting your former employer to sign this form, those letter of Creditable Coverage you saved will come in handy.
And remember that enrolling in any Part of Medicare can affect your HSA contributions.
How Do I Delay Enrolling in Part B When I Retire?
After retiring, when you are no longer actively working, your employer health insurance is no longer considered creditable for Medicare. Some employers extend health insurance for a period of time after you stop working. But the moment you stop being an active employee, your health insurance is no longer creditable. You have eight months from when stopped working to enroll in Medicare.
Don’t delay Medicare enrollment in Part B once you retire.. This is a common mistake that can be costly. The late penalty for not enrolling in Part B when you are supposed to is 10% of the Part B premium for every 12-months your delayed enrollment. This penalty is paid every month for the rest of your life.
Is Medicare Always Secondary Coverage To Employer Group Insurance?
If your employer offers a retiree program that allows you to maintain employer health benefits, enrolling in Medicare Part B can help you avoid the late enrollment penalty. Although this is not advisable.
Upon retirement, if you decide to retain both Medicare and employer coverage, Medicare Part B will take on the primary role, making your employer plan a secondary payer of medical bills or secondary insurance.
However many retirees often find it more useful to discontinue their employer coverage and instead opt for original Medicare coverage plus a Medicare Supplement plan. It’s often more affordable health insurance as well.
Should I Enroll in Medicare Part D Along With my Employer plan?
Your employer’s group health plan usually includes creditable prescription drug coverage. That gives you the option to postpone enrolling in Medicare Part D without facing any late penalties.
If you have prescription drug benefits through your employer group health plan, having Medicare coverage may not provide significant advantages because the coverages do not complement each other.
If your employer group health plan prescription benefits are lacking, you can enroll in Medicare Part D as long as you qualify for Medicare Part A. You do not need to have Medicare Part B to sign up for Medicare Part D.
Make sure to compare your employer’s group insurance with the benefits and costs associated with Original Medicare plus a Medicare Supplement (Medigap) plan, and Medicare Part D. Call us if you need help choosing the best health care coverage for your needs.
Often, it proves to be more cost-effective and advantageous to transition away from group health insurance insurance and enroll in Medicare, while also adding a Medicare Supplement plan and a Medicare Part D plan to your health coverage. This way, a Medigap plan from a private insurance company will become your secondary payer and cover most of the gaps, deductibles, copays and coinsurance of Original Medicare.
If you don’t have creditable health coverage for Part D through your employer plan and you delay enrolling in Medicare Part D when you are eligible, you may face late enrollment penalties if you later decide to enroll. These penalties will increase your Part D prescription drug coverage premiums.
It also makes sense to evaluate your medication needs. If you have a chronic condition or take prescription drugs regularly, double-check that your current coverage meets your needs. Medicare Part D plans vary in the drugs they cover and their cost-sharing structures.
Remember that you can enroll in or disenroll from Medicare Part D during certain enrollment periods. You can enroll during your Initial Enrollment Period when you first become eligible for Medicare and during the Annual Open Enrollment Period (October 15 to December 7) each year. This provides some flexibility to adjust your health insurance coverage as needed.
Is Medicare Coverage Primary or Secondary if I Still Have Employer Insurance?
Whether Medicare pays first or second depends on the size of your employer.
If you reach the age of 65 and meet the eligibility criteria for Medicare while employed by a company employing 20 or more individuals, your employer group health plan will become your primary payer, and Medicare will act as a secondary payer.
In this case, your employer’s plan pays first, and Medicare covers some of the costs that your employer’s plan doesn’t.
If your employer has fewer than 20 employees, Medicare becomes your primary health insurance and your employer’s plan is a secondary payer.
With small group insurance, it’s highly recommended to enroll in both Medicare Part A and Part B as soon as you are eligible. If you do not enroll in Medicare once you are eligible, your employer coverage may refuse to pay your claims. That’s why enrolling in Medicare Part B is essential to avoid any gaps in coverage.
Remember that failing to enroll in Medicare Part B when you become eligible for Medicare will also result in a hefty late penalty, as your small employer’s group health coverage will not qualify as creditable coverage for Medicare.
When it comes to Part D, this Medicare plan usually doesn’t coordinate well with the employer’s drug plan so we don’t advise keeping that insurance and Medicare.
How Does Medicare Work with Health Savings Accounts (HSA)?
Once you enroll in any part of Medicare (Part A or Part B), you can no longer contribute to your HSA. This includes not only new contributions but also any employer contributions.
So if your employer plan provides an HSA option while you have both Medicare and employer coverage, you typically won’t be eligible to choose it.
If you continue to make HSA contributions after enrolling in Medicare, it can lead to tax consequences.
While you can’t contribute to your HSA after enrolling in Medicare, you can still use the funds you’ve accumulated in your HSA to pay for qualified medical expenses, including Medicare premiums, deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance, including Part B, Part D (prescription drug coverage), and Medicare Advantage premiums (if applicable). Using HSA funds for these expenses is tax-free.
If you plan to retire and transition from employer coverage to Medicare, make sure to coordinate the timing to avoid any gaps in coverage and to understand how the shift affects your HSA contributions and withdrawals.
After your Medicare Initial Enrollment Period (IEP) when you sign up for Medicare, Part A coverage will start retroactive to your date of application. Part A will start either 6 months before your application date or your first day you were eligible for Medicare, whichever is soonest. This can throw a wrench in you health savings account contributions. If you are enrolling in Medicare after you have turned age 65, keep this in mind to stop your HSA contributions before the Medicare Part A start date.
If your spouse is covered by your group insurance and their Medicare coverage is not yet active, they can still make contributions to their Health Savings Account (HSA) as long as the contributions are made in their name.
Can You Have Medicare Advantage and Employer Coverage at the Same Time?
It is possible to have both Medicare Advantage and employer-provided insurance at the same time, but this is not efficient health care coverage and there are some important considerations to keep in mind.
When you have both a Medicare Advantage plan and employer insurance, Medicare Advantage typically becomes your primary insurance, and your employer coverage becomes secondary. Consider the costs versus benefits of both options.
Make sure to explore our other posts on Medicare Advantage plans and why they may not be the best option for many people as a primary payer.
For example, a Medicare Advantage plan will have limited networks that may not be the same network as your employer plan. Plus these network change on a regular basis. You may also need to wait for authorization to see a specialist or for certain procedures with a Medicare Advantage plan.
Beware that many Medicare Advantage plans include prescription drug coverage (Medicare Part D). If you have employer prescription drug coverage, you cannot use both at the same time. There will be coordination of benefits issues that need to be clarified.
Do I Need Supplemental Insurance if I Have Medicare?
Whether or not you need supplemental insurance when you have Medicare depends on your individual needs and financial situation. Medicare provides substantial coverage for many healthcare services, but it does not cover all costs, and there can be out-of-pocket costs.
For example, it doesn’t cover prescription drugs, routine vision and dental care, or long-term care. In those situations, you may need a secondary payer.
Medigap plans are offered by private insurance companies and designed to fill in the gaps in Original Medicare coverage. They can help pay for deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance.
In this case, Original Medicare will be your primary payer or primary insurance and Medigap will be a secondary payer.
If you want more predictability in your healthcare costs, give us a call and we’ll advise you on the best Medigap plan for you!
Reach out to our award-winning team for advice on all things Medicare! Here at Medigap Seminars, we always have your best interest at heart!